Mohenjo Daro And Harappa History In Urdu Pdf
File Name: mohenjo daro and harappa history in urdu .zip
It is an ancient civilization thriving along the Indus river which is now in Pakistan. Sir Mortimer Wheeler stipulated in that Harappan civilization seem to be appeared fully developed from its earliest phase and had little in common with the people who lived in these areas in the preceding period. Dayaram Sahani in discovered Harappa Civilization.
Rakhal Das Banerjee discovers Mohenjo-Daro in Harappa is situated along the Ravi river in the district of Montgomery of Punjab province now in Pakistan. Mohenjo-Daro is situated along the Indus river at the Larkana district of Sindh province in Pakistan. The capital city of Indus civilization was Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro.
The main metals used by the people are Bronze, Silver, Gold Copper, etc. Iron was not known to the people of this civilization. Urbanization is the most remarkable and major characteristics of this civilization. People used burnt-bricks of good quality as the main building material. Usually, towns or cities were laid out in a parallelogram in form. The advanced drainage system was found here. The towns were divided into two parts, upper part of the citadel and lower part.
One of the biggest structures found in Mohenjo-Daro is a granary which was 46 meters long width and Indus civilization was primarily urban. The main cultivated crops were wheat, barley, peas dates mustered cotton, etc. Rice was only grown in Lothal and Rangpur in Gujarat. Main stock breeding animals were sheep, goats, humped cattle, buffalo, elephant, bull, etc. The horse was probably not known to the Harappan. Trade : No metallic coin is used, but only barter has been the normal method of exchange of goods.
The weight and length measurement system were excellent. Lothal was an ancient port in Indus civilization. People exports various goods and products such as agricultural products, cotton goods, Ivory products, terracotta figurines, etc. Every merchant probably had sealed. A wide range of occupations such as pottery-making, bead-making, seal-making, etc was observed. Terracotta manufacturing was very famous. Metalworking was highly skilled. The culture was belonging to the bronze age, therefore various crafts were made of bronze such as a famous dancing girl devadasi.
Bead-making, constructing a well-planned building, art long-lasting painting, etc advance procedures indicate that Harappan was aware of science. Pipal tree, bull, pigeon, etc. They believed in rebirth system and life after death. They did not worship their god in the temple, the idea of their religion is formed from the statues and figurines found. There is no clear-cut evidence that what short of political organization Harappan had.
Though it has lasted years there is no clear evidence of how the civilization ended up. There are many possible theories such as the invention of Aryans, floods, society dis-balanced, etc by which the big Indus civilization put into the end. Download As PDF. Town Planning of Indus Civilization: Urbanization is the most remarkable and major characteristics of this civilization.
Agriculture and crops of Indus Civilization: The main cultivated crops were wheat, barley, peas dates mustered cotton, etc. Animals of Indus Civilization: Main stock breeding animals were sheep, goats, humped cattle, buffalo, elephant, bull, etc.
Crafts and Arts of Indus Civilization: A wide range of occupations such as pottery-making, bead-making, seal-making, etc was observed.
Indus River Valley civilizations
A well-planned street grid and an elaborate drainage system hint that the occupants of the ancient Indus civilization city of Mohenjo Daro were skilled urban planners with a reverence for the control of water. But just who occupied the ancient city in modern-day Pakistan during the third millennium B. The city lacks ostentatious palaces, temples, or monuments. There's no obvious central seat of government or evidence of a king or queen. Modesty, order, and cleanliness were apparently preferred.
At least one advantage of Sindh Festival being held in Mohenjo-daro will be that many people will come to learn more about this five thousand old civilization. However, civilization and culture are not limited to music, art and poetry but encompass the mutual relations, habits, feelings, attitudes, social behaviour and many other aspects of life. The most profound expression of culture is its architecture. It not only expresses the art of construction but also reflects the social values, productive relations and socio-economic system prevailing in society. This oldest city was discovered in He led his archeological and excavation team with great dedication and passion in unearthing this extraordinary society in history. The Indus Valley civilization was modern for its time.
It is an ancient civilization thriving along the Indus river which is now in Pakistan. Sir Mortimer Wheeler stipulated in that Harappan civilization seem to be appeared fully developed from its earliest phase and had little in common with the people who lived in these areas in the preceding period. Dayaram Sahani in discovered Harappa Civilization. Rakhal Das Banerjee discovers Mohenjo-Daro in Harappa is situated along the Ravi river in the district of Montgomery of Punjab province now in Pakistan. Mohenjo-Daro is situated along the Indus river at the Larkana district of Sindh province in Pakistan. The capital city of Indus civilization was Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro.
Indus Civilization – GK pdf
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Indus Civilization GK Notes PDF
Банк данных АНБ - это основа основ тысяч правительственных операций. Отключить все это без подготовки - значит парализовать разведдеятельность во всем мире. - Я отдаю себе отчет в последствиях, сэр, - сказал Джабба, - но у нас нет выбора. - Объясните, - потребовал Фонтейн. Он посмотрел на Сьюзан, стоявшую рядом с ним на платформе.
В ключах никогда не бывает пробелов. Бринкерхофф громко сглотнул. - Так что вы хотите сказать? - спросил. - Джабба хотел сказать, что это, возможно, не шифр-убийца. - Конечно же, это убийца! - закричал Бринкерхофф. - Что еще это может .
Повсюду разбросаны грязные бумажные полотенца, лужи воды на полу. Старая электрическая сушилка для рук захватана грязными пальцами. Беккер остановился перед зеркалом и тяжело вздохнул. Обычно лучистые и ясные, сейчас его глаза казались усталыми, тусклыми. Сколько я уже тут кручусь. Однако считать ему не хотелось.
У дверцы лифта есть код, - злорадно сказала Сьюзан. - Ну и проблема! - засмеялся Хейл. - Думаю, коммандер мне его откроет.
Я сам попытался отправить твой маячок, но ты использовала для него один из новейших гибридных языков, и мне не удалось привести его в действие. Он посылал какую-то тарабарщину. В конце концов пришлось смирить гордыню и вызвать тебя. Сьюзан это позабавило.
Фонтейн вздохнул и обхватил голову руками.
Но в общем хаосе их никто, похоже, не слышал. - Мы тонем! - крикнул кто-то из техников. ВР начала неистово мигать, когда ядро захлестнул черный поток.
В главный банк данных попал вирус, - сказал Бринкерхофф. - Я знаю, - услышала Сьюзан собственный едва слышный голос.